More than 50 years old, freedom songs still inspire today Civil Rights Movement Co-Founder Dr. Ralph David Abernathy and his wife Mrs. Juanita Abernathy march with Dr. and Mrs. Martin Luther King as the Abernathy children march on the front line, leading the Selma to Montgomery March in 1965. The children are Donzaleigh Abernathy in striped sweater, Ralph David Abernathy, 3rd and Juandalynn R. Abernathy in glasses. (Abernathy Family/Wiki Commons/AP Photo/Chick Harrity)
More than 50 years old, freedom songs still inspire today
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Of the songs heard during the credits following the acclaimed 2014 Ava DuVernay film "Selma," one of them won an Academy Award. It also won a Golden Globe award. It was performed by John Legend and the rapper Common.
 
But another track in the credits features the very voice of the marchers. The lyrics to their songs spoke of hope, defiance and unity. They were directly captured and documented by a man who carried a large tape recorder under his coat.
 
His name was Carl Benkert. He was a successful architectural interior designer. He lived in Detroit. He had come down South in 1965. He was with a group of clergy. They were to take part and bear witness to the historic march for voting rights. The march was between Selma and Montgomery, Alabama.
 
In addition to his camera, he brought a bulky, battery-operated reel-to-reel tape recorder. He hoped to capture the history all around him, in speech and in song. In their struggles to make a stand against inequality, Benkert wrote, "music was an essential element. Music in song expressing hope and sorrow. Music to pacify or excite. Music with the power to engage the intelligence and even touch the spirit."
 
So stirring were the tracks he captured in churches and marches that they were recorded on a Folkways Records album. The resulting "Freedom Songs: Selma, Alabama," was released more than 50 years ago. It has never been out of print. It is one of two Smithsonian albums covering the era. The album is most unusual. That is because it is both a true documentary of the marches for voting rights as well as a set of march songs that would inspire and be used in marches for freedom ever since. (The Smithsonian acquired Folkways in 1986. This was after the death of its founder Moses Asch. It continues the label as Smithsonian Folkways Recordings.)
 
"I was really pretty thrilled," said Catherine Benkert, when she learned that her father's recordings were in the film. "I told everybody I knew. He would have been thrilled, too." The elder Benkert died in 2010. He was 88. He had been a lifelong amateur audio documentarian.
 
"He made a point of being at some of those important junctures of the 20th Century," says family friend Gary Murphy.
 
"He made a recording of the last steam engine trip that went between Pontiac and Detroit. In stereo," Benkert adds. "That was back when stereo was brand new."
 
Why did he go to Alabama?
 
"Dr. King called for people to come. And he felt moved to do it," she said.
 
While in Alabama, Carl Benkert and others from the Detroit area were enlisted to be night watchmen for the marchers. Their job was to keep sure things remained safe overnight, she said.
 
In the daytime, Benkert had his tape recorder at the ready. He kept it behind an overcoat. That hid it from police or angry whites. Songs rose often.
 
"He told me that when people were scared down there, people would sing," Murphy said.
 
The track used in "Selma" was a medley. It included "This Little Light of Mine / Freedom Now Chant / Come by Here". It was recorded at Zion Methodist Church. The church is in Marion, Alabama. It is where Jimmie Lee Jackson was beaten by troopers and shot by a state trooper. It happened while he was taking part in a peaceful voting rights rally.
 
The killing inspired the Selma-to-Montgomery march. It was in support of voting rights. The march ended at Edmund Pettus Bridge across the Alabama River. It occurred a month later.
 
An evening mass meeting was held on March 18, 1965. It was at the church where Jackson had been a deacon. The meeting "was attended to overflowing by residents and visitors who had spent the day working in the counties north of Selma," Benkert recalled. He wrote about it in the liner notes in his album. 
 
In the medley you can hear the familiar, optimistic song of determination, "This Little Light of Mine." It is driven by percussive clapping. It shifts to the familiar and still heard "Freedom! Now!" chant. This came before the plea for heavenly support. "People are suffering, Lord, come by here/ People are dying, my Lord, come by here."
 
For Benkert, traveling to Selma in those charged times provided the opportunity "to see life in a vital totality never otherwise experienced," he wrote. It was a moment that forever affected him. That is judging by his comments on the Zion Methodist mass meeting.
 
"Participating in 'We Shall Overcome' is always a moving occasion for the spirit," Benkert wrote. "But this was for the few outsiders present the most powerful and electrifying yet experienced."
 
And a number of his recordings of speeches, particularly by Martin Luther King, have had historic importance. Benkert made the only known recording of a May 31, 1965, King speech. It came at the end of the march to Montgomery. The march had grown to 50,000 people during its five days. In it, King told supporters at Brown Chapel in Selma, "Equality is more than a matter of mathematics and geometry. Equality is a philosophical and psychological matter. And if you pluck me from communicating with a man at that moment, you are saying that I am not equal to that man."
 
"Let us not rest until we end segregation and all of its dimensions," King said.
 
Benkert donated the bulk of his recordings and papers. He gave them to the University of Michigan. Royalties for the Selma recordings still come in, his daughter said.
 
"To be still in print after 50 years, it's got to be part of the fabric of the whole American story," says Murphy. "It will probably never go away."
 
And the attention of the "Selma" movie likely brought new audiences to the original recordings, Catherine Benkert said.
 
"His whole thing, with any of his recordings, was he wanted people to hear them."

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CRITICAL THINKING QUESTION
Why did the film "Selma" use the very voices of the marchers?
Write your answers in the comments section below


COMMENTS (33)
  • mollyl-hol
    1/06/2017 - 11:48 a.m.

    Selma used the voices of the marchers in the film to add a connection between the history and the movie-watchers. It made people feel more involved and realize the fear and importance of what was happening during this time period.

  • cournteyk-hol
    1/06/2017 - 11:48 a.m.

    The film "Selma" used the original voices because they wanted that part of the movie to be a genuine song and chant from the people that where there.

  • jacoba1-hol
    1/06/2017 - 11:49 a.m.

    used voices to connect a real piece of history to the show the people who were there

  • marcush-hol
    1/06/2017 - 11:50 a.m.

    The use of actual Marchers in the film "Selma" makes it feel more real and allows the viewer to indulge themselves in the movie instead of just thinking about actors portraying the Marchers. It gives more emphasis about what was happening at that time.

  • annelieseh-hol
    1/06/2017 - 11:50 a.m.

    The film "Selma," used the voices of the marchers to emphasize the hope and strength of the marchers when traveling from Selma to Montgomery. Playing real footage of the marchers, also allowed the viewers to feel the experience of it after watching the movie.

  • alisat-hol
    1/06/2017 - 11:51 a.m.

    Because Carl Benkert wanted the audience to hear them, and what went on. He wanted to bring people so see his film. He wanted "to see life in a vital totality never otherwise experienced."

  • marisap-hol
    1/06/2017 - 11:51 a.m.

    The film "Selma" included the very voices of the marchers because they were at the front lines and their music was a way to communicate with people. They communicated their feelings of suffering and wanting to be free in the songs and people could feel that from their voices.

  • coltonp1-hol
    1/06/2017 - 11:53 a.m.

    So that we can feel like we are there in real life and experiencing something like this.

  • courtneyr-hol
    1/06/2017 - 11:53 a.m.

    TO try and express the whole meaning. A lot happened and to try and make them understand and get what was happening. I think it was a good way to express it.

  • briannas1-hol
    1/06/2017 - 11:55 a.m.

    People believe you can hear the hope and sorrow in their voices, and it is told that it inspires many.

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